Edward J. Ribadeneira, Esq.
9590 E. Ironwood Square Dr.
Suite 105
Scottsdale, AZ 85258 
T.480.874.1313  F.480.994.5141http://maps.google.com/maps?client=safari&rls=en&q=9590+E.+Ironwood+Square+Dr.+Suite+105+Scottsdale,+AZ+85258&oe=UTF-8&um=1&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=9590+E+Ironwood+Square+Dr+#105,+Scottsdale,+AZ+85258&gl=us&ei=_6cTTffmBY32tgOez-mwAg&sa=X&oi=geocode_result&ct=image&resnum=1&ved=0CBQQ8gEwAA

Chapter 12 offers bankruptcy relief to those who qualify as family farmers. Family farmers must propose a plan to repay their creditors over a three-to-five year period and it must be approved by the court. Plan payments are made through a chapter 12 trustee, who also monitors the debtor’s farming operations during the pendency of the plan.

Chapter 13 generally permits individuals to keep their property by repaying creditors out of their future income. Each chapter 13 debtor writes a plan which must be approved by the bankruptcy court. The debtor must pay the chapter 13 trustee the amounts set forth in their plan. Debtors receive a discharge after they complete their chapter 13 repayment plan. Any individual, even if self-employed or operating an unincorporated business, is eligible for chapter 13 relief as long as the individual's unsecured debts are less than $336,900 and secured debts are less than $1,010,650. These amounts are adjusted periodically to reflect changes in the consumer price index.

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Chapter 12

Chapter 13